Contraception has always been used to prevent pregnancy and in some cases has helped protect many from sexually transmissible infections. Now you may be asking, which contraceptive is best for preventing pregnancy? Well, in this article, I have listed out the best contraceptions used by Australian women to prevent unwanted pregnancy and the possible side effects of using contraceptives.
Soon, we’ll be celebrating World Contraception Day come September 26, so it is necessary you know the best types of contraceptives with pictures.
Best contraceptions used by Australian women to prevent unwanted pregnancy
2. Oral contraceptive pill
3. Intrauterine Device
4. The Contraceptive Implant
5. Contraceptive Injection
6. Emergency Contraception Pill
7. Contraceptive Ring
This contraceptive is the only form of contraception that protects against STIs as and unwanted pregnancy. Condom can be is hormone free and can easily be carried with you.
Condoms are rolled onto an erect penis and it acts as a barrier preventing the passage of sexual fluids between people during intercourse.
Side effects of condom
1. Condom is the best when it comes to protection against STIs.
2. It is hormone free
3. It can tear off or come off during sex when not used properly
Oral Contraceptive Pill
It’s a very little tablet taken once a day and is the most commonly reported method of contraception used by Australian women.
There are different types of contraceptive pills in the pharmacy but it’s about finding the one that’s right for you and remembering to take it on time is a must. Some of these pills contains estrogen and progestin and some only one hormone, a progestin.
Side effects of oral contraceptive pills
1. It is highly effective when used correctly
2. permits sexual spontaneity and doesn’t interrupt intercourse
3. Some pills helps reduce heavy and painful periods
4. Taking your pill late reduces the effectiveness.
5. it does not protect against STIs.
You can only get this pill by getting a prescription from a medical professional so visit your local doctor or sexual health clinic for prescription.
It is a small and T shaped device which is made up of materials containing progesterone hormone or plastic and sometimes copper. IUD is inserted inside a woman’s uterus by a professional healthcare provider. It’s a long acting and very reversible method of contraception, which can stay active for 3 to 10 years.
Intrauterine Device is also an effective emergency contraception if inserted by a professional doctor within 5 days of having unprotected sex.
Side effects of Intrauterine Device
1. It comes with irregular bleeding and spotting can occurs in the first six months of use
2. It requires a professional healthcare provider for insertion and removal
3. It doesn’t protect against STIs.
The Contraceptive Implant
This is a small, flexible rod which is placed under the skin in a woman’s upper arm which releases a form of the hormone progesterone which stops the ovary from releasing the egg and it also thickens the cervical mucus making it difficult for sperm to enter the womb.
The implantation of this requires a small procedure using local anesthetic to insert and remove the rod and it needs to be replaced every 3 years.
Side effects of Contraceptive Implant
1. It’s very effective in preventing unwanted pregnancy
2. doesn’t interrupt sex
3. long-lasting and reversible contraceptive option.
4. It requires a professional healthcare provider for insertion and removal.
5. Most times, it comes with irregular bleeding.
Most Australian women choose to use the implant as a long-term contraceptive method.
The contraceptive injection contains a synthetic version of the hormone progestogen which is given into a woman’s buttock or the upper arm and over the next 12 weeks the hormone is slowly released into your bloodstream.
Side effects of Contraceptive Injection
1. This injection can lasts for up to three months and is very effective
2. It allows sexual spontaneity and doesn’t interrupt intercourse.
3. It may cause disrupted periods or irregular bleeding
4. You’re to keep m track of the number of months it has been used;
Emergency Contraception Pill
The Emergency Contraception Pill is used by women to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse or after a condom has broken during sexual intercourse or sexual assault.
It is effective and can last for up to five days after having unprotected sex but the sooner it is taken, the more effective it is ( if taken in the first 3 days after sex, it prevents 85% of expected pregnancies).
Any woman can take the emergency contraception pill even those who are allergic to other oral contraceptive pills.
Common side effects of the emergency contraceptive
3. the next period may be early or delayed
4. It does not protect against STIs.
This is a flexible plastic ring constantly releasing hormones which is fitted in the vagina by the woman and it can stay in place for three weeks. When removed, wash off your vagina and take a week rest before popping another one in. Contraceptive ring releases the hormones oestrogen and progestogen.
Side effects of Contraceptive Ring
1. You can insert and remove a vaginal ring yourself
2. Doesn’t affect your periods and allows your fertility to return quickly when the ring is removed.
3. It is not advisable for women who can’t take oestrogen containing contraception
4. You need to remember to replace it at the right time.